INSCRIPŢIILE FUNERARE ÎN LIMBA GREACĂ DIN CIMITIRUL MARITIM DIN ORAŞUL SULINA: O SURSĂ DE INVESTIGARE MULTIDIMENSIONALĂ A COMUNITĂŢII ELENE LOCALE
Keywords:social and cultural history, 19th-20th Centuries Romania, Greek community, maritime cemetery of Sulina, funerary inscriptions
Multiple local legends appeared because of the lack of accurate translations of the Greek epitaphs in the maritime cemetery of Sulina. The present paper aims to enlighten the inscriptions of the Greek population, based on the results of in situ researches done between 2017 and 2019, to register the epitaphs for a subsequent analysis of the decoded characteristics and symbols, to transliterate, and translate them. The epitaphs prevalently originate from the golden age of Sulina harbour, during the Danube Commision presence in the region. The research will be focused on those funerary monuments belonging to the Greeks, written in Greek alphabet (between 1866 and 1987), without considering the ones written in Latin alphabet, a confirmation of the decrease in the number of Greeks in Sulina and of the weakening of their contact with their native land and other Greek speakers. The paper aims to highlight the importance of the epitaphs for the local Greek community. Among the analysed inscriptions there are versified inscriptions of considerable extent, as well as small inscriptions, placed on very imposing monuments, emphasizing the domination of an ethnic group who possessed the most influential commercial and maritime positions.