ATITUDINI, SPERANŢE, ÎMPLINIRI ŞI DECEPŢII ÎN RÂNDUL ŢĂRĂNIMII DIN ROMÂNIA LA ÎNCEPUTUL PERIOADEI INTERBELICE (1918-1921)
Keywords:Rural History, Post WWI Romania, peasants’ expectations, Agrarian Reform, debates and social conflicts
At the beginning of the interwar period (1918-1921), the peasantry in Romania, representing 80% of the population, influenced by the consequences of the
First World War, by the Great Union, and by the great reforms (the agrarian one and the electoral one), had new attitudes, hopes, achievements, but also
disappointments. We are now talking about a changing world, where the peasants, and not only them, asked the government for a prosperous life and for a new society in which to be considered citizens with full rights. Some hopes have materialized: the agrarian reform, the electoral reform, a wider participation in public life. But there were also some disappointments: delays and injustices in the implementation of the agrarian reform, granting the universal vote only for men, the disappointment that they wouldn’t live better after the Great Union, the attitude of the authorities, and of the administration, especially in the election campaigns, etc. In the villages there were positive options and attitudes. The measures taken by the government could not fully meet all expectations and hopes due to the complex situation in which the country was as well as due to the consequences of the war.